Harker Heights, Texas
|City of Harker Heights|
The Bright Star of Central Texas
|• Total||15.66 sq mi (40.55 km2)|
|• Land||15.61 sq mi (40.43 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.12 km2)|
|Elevation||764 ft (233 m)|
|• Density||2,077.07/sq mi (801.95/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
76542, 76543, 76548
|GNIS feature ID||1388539|
Harker Heights is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. As of the 2020 census, 33,097 people resided in the city, up from a population of 17,308 in 2000. This makes Harker Heights the third-largest city in Bell County, after Killeen and Temple. Incorporated in 1960, the city derives its name from one of the two original landowners and founder, Harley Kern. Harker Heights is part of the Killeen–Temple–Fort Hood metropolitan area. People usually refer to the town as just "Heights".
Harker Heights is located near Fort Cavazos, a major United States Army post that was designated a permanent military facility in 1950. As the post expanded, the surrounding civilian population increased. Water Control and Improvement District No. 4 was established on land near the Killeen city limits and the military post in 1955, and included the land owned by Pinckney R. Cox and Harley Kern, two hog farmers. These two men subdivided their land in 1957 and began selling lots. By 1960, between 600 and 700 of the lots had been developed and new residents supplied with water and other utility services. Following a petition for an incorporation election, the city was established on September 24, 1960, and Cox was elected mayor. Kern had died before the incorporation, and the Harker in Harker Heights was a concatenation of Harley Kern's name as a tribute to one of the original landowners. The town's boundaries expanded to include Forest Hills, Highland Oaks, and Comanche Hills. Cox, Sam Garth Jr., and Barney Sissom created GIASISCO Corporation, which was meant to help expand the town from 400 to 950 acres (160 to 380 ha).
Interstate 14/U.S. Highway 190 is a four-lane freeway that passes through the city, connecting Killeen to the west with Interstate 35 in Belton 12 miles (19 km) to the east, at a point about halfway between Waco and Austin.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (NH)||7,198||21.75%|
|Native American or Alaska Native (NH)||132||0.4%|
|Pacific Islander (NH)||412||1.24%|
|Some Other Race (NH)||202||0.61%|
|Hispanic or Latino||7,359||22.23%|
As of the 2020 United States census, 33,097 people, 11,067 households, and 8,082 families were residing in the city.
The population is heavily engaged in economic activities directly or indirectly related to the U.S. Army at nearby Fort Cavazos. The population density was 1,759.1 inhabitants per square mile (679.2/km2). The 10,347 housing units had 9,488 units occupied, and 859 units vacant. The racial makeup of the city was 62.9% White, 20.0% African American, 1.0% Native American, 3.90% Asian, and 0.90% Pacific Islander; Hispanics or Latinos were 18.4% of the population.
Of the 6,227 households, 42.8% had children under 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were not families. About 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.0% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.76, and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city, the population was distributed as 30.5% under 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 or older. The median age was 31.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $59,491. The per capita income for the city was $24,161. About 7.4% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Harker Heights has a humid subtropical climate.
In 2022, city voters approved the decriminalization of possession of misdemeanor amounts of marijuana, although it is still illegal under state law.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2019 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Harker Heights city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- ed. Limmer, E.A. Jr. (1988). "Story of Bell County, Texas: Volume I", p. 129-130. Eakin Press, Austin.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Harker Heights city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 24, 2022.
- https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
- "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
- Magg, Oleg. "Home Services and Lawn Care of Killeen". www.lawnmowingkilleen.com. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
- "Harker Heights, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
- "Killeen, Harker Heights voters approve decriminalization of marijuana". kcentv.com. KCEN-TV. November 8, 2022. Retrieved November 10, 2022.